Background: Pertuzumab, trastuzumab, and docetaxel is standard of care for first-line treatment of HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC). However, alternative chemotherapy partners are required to align with patient/physician preferences and to increase treatment flexibility. We report VELVET Cohort 1 results in which the efficacy and safety of pertuzumab and trastuzumab, administered sequentially in separate infusions, followed by vinorelbine, were evaluated. Cohort 2, where pertuzumab and trastuzumab were administered in a single infusion, followed by vinorelbine, recruited after Cohort 1 was fully enrolled, will be reported later. Methods: In this multicenter, two-cohort, open-label, phase II study, patients with HER2-positive locally advanced or MBC who had not received chemotherapy or biological therapy for their advanced disease received 3-weekly pertuzumab (840 mg loading, 420 mg maintenance doses) and trastuzumab (8 mg/kg loading, 6 mg/kg maintenance doses), followed by vinorelbine (25 mg/m2 initial dose, 30-35 mg/m2 maintenance doses) on days 1 and 8 or 2 and 9 of each 3-weekly cycle. Study treatment was given until investigator-assessed disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The primary endpoint was investigator-assessed objective response rate (ORR) in patients with measurable disease at baseline per RECIST v1.1. Secondary endpoints included progression-free survival (PFS) and safety. Results: Cohort 1 enrolled 106 patients. Investigator-assessed ORR was 74.2% (95% CI 63.8-82.9) in intent-to-treat patients with measurable disease (89/106 [84.0%]). Median PFS was 14.3 months (95% CI 11.2-17.5) in the intent-to-treat population. Treatment was reasonably well tolerated, with no unexpected toxicities. Diarrhea (61/106 patients [57.5%]) and neutropenia (54/106 [50.9%]) were the most common adverse events (AEs); neutropenia (33/106 [31.1%]) and leukopenia (14/106 [13.2%]) were the most common grade ≥3 AEs. Serious AEs were reported in 32/106 (30.2%) patients. AEs led to study drug discontinuation in 36/106 patients (34.0%). Eighteen of 106 patients (17.0%) had AEs suggestive of congestive heart failure; however, there were no confirmed cases. Conclusions: The vinorelbine, pertuzumab, and trastuzumab combination is active and reasonably well tolerated. This regimen offers an alternative for patients who cannot receive docetaxel for first-line treatment of HER2-positive locally advanced or MBC. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01565083 , registered on 26 March 2012.
- Locally advanced breast cancer
- Metastatic breast cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research