Background: Although rare, major urologic complications (MUC) in kidney transplantation can cause significant morbidity, increased cost, and may even lead to graft loss. Ureteric stents are routinely used to prevent MUC, although complications related to their use have been reported. Here, we systematically reviewed the role of routine stenting in preventing MUC in kidney transplantation with extravesical ureteric implantation and performed a meta-analysis of 6 randomized controlled trials. Methods: A PubMed search was performed for studies on MUC and stents in kidney transplant recipients. Randomized controlled trials were shortlisted for the review following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. RevMan 5 was used for statistical analysis, and outcome analysis was done with Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test using random effect model. Results: Six trials meeting the criteria were identified. Although stent use did not decrease the incidence of urinary leak (odds ratio [OR], 0.39; 95% CI, 0.14–1.11; P =.08) or obstruction (OR, 0.41; 95% CI, 0.13–1.24; P =.11), it was associated with a higher incidence of urinary tract infection (OR, 3.59; 95% CI, 1.33–9.75; P =.01). Conclusion: In the present era of extravesical ureterovesical anastomosis, routine stenting has a limited role in decreasing major urologic complications and may be associated with higher incidence of urinary tract infections.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Dec 2018|
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