Role of the endothelial caveolae microdomain in shear stress-mediated coronary vasorelaxation

Tong D Lu, Xiao Li Wang, Qiang Chai, Xiaojing Sun, Gary C Sieck, Zvonimir S Katusic, Hon Chi Lee

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Abstract

In this study, we determined the role of caveolae and the ionic mechanisms that mediate shear stress-mediated vasodilation (SSD).Wefound that both TRPV4 and SK channels are targeted to caveolae in freshly isolated bovine coronary endothelial cells (BCECs) and that TRPV4 and KCa2.3 (SK3) channels are co-immunoprecipitated by anti-caveolin-1 antibodies. Acute exposure of BCECs seeded in a capillary tube to 10 dynes/ cm2 of shear stress (SS) resulted in activation of TRPV4 and SK currents. However, after incubation with HC067047 (TRPV4 inhibitor), SK currents could no longer be activated by SS, suggesting SK channel activation by SS was mediated through TRPV4. SK currents in BCECs were also activated by isoproterenol or by GSK1016790A (TRPV4 activator). In addition, preincubation of isolated coronary arterioles with apamin (SK inhibitor) resulted in a significant diminution of SSD whereas preincubation with HC067047 produced vasoconstriction by SS. Exposure of BCECstoSS(15 dynes/cm2 16h) enhanced the production of nitric oxide and prostacyclin (PGI2) and facilitated the translocation of TRPV4 to the caveolae. Inhibition of TRPV4 abolished the SS-mediated intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) increase in BCECs. These results indicate a dynamic interaction in the vascular endothelium among caveolae TRPV4 and SK3 channels. This caveolae- TRPV4-SK3 channel complex underlies the molecular and ionic mechanisms that modulate SSD in the coronary circulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19013-19023
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume292
Issue number46
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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