Role of physical activity in new onset fractures after percutaneous vertebroplasty

Arash Ehteshami Rad, Leigh A. Gray, Mehrsheed Sinaki, David F. Kallmes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Increased mobility and physical activity after successful vertebral augmentation procedure might increase the risk of new-onset fractures. Purpose: To determine whether new-onset fracture following vertebroplasty is associated with specific type of physical activity. Material and Methods: A total of 107 patients underwent at least two procedures of percutaneous vertebroplasty. Among them, 30 patients who sustained a post-vertebroplasty fracture(s), were stratified by fracture-causing activity and examined the incidence of the initial and post-vertebroplasty fractures, time to post-vertebroplasty fractures, duration of anti-osteoporotic therapy, T-score, and body mass index. Results: The following percentages correspond to patients with fractures sustained pre-and postvertebroplasty, respectively; spontaneous fractures in 17% and 7% (P = 0.20), sitting in 7% and 3% (P = 0.50), walking or standing in 7% and 20% (P = 0.10), housework in 3% and 3% (P > 0.99), coughing or sneezing in 0% and 20% (P = 0.003), exercise in 7% and 17% (P = 0.20), lifting in 10% and 17% (P == 0.40) and falling in 50% and 13% (P = 0.002). Different levels of activity were not significantly associated with time to incidence of post-vertebroplasty fractures. Anti-osteoporotic medications were administered to 33% of patients before vertebroplasty and 37% after the vertebroplasty (P = 0.78); medications were administered to these groups for 16 and 25 months, respectively (P = 0.39). Conclusion: A significantly elevated risk of new onset fracture with increased physical activity was not identified. However, patients should be carefully counseled after vertebroplasty to optimize medical therapy for osteoporosis and also to use extreme care when engaging in even moderate physical activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1020-1023
Number of pages4
JournalActa Radiologica
Volume52
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2011

Keywords

  • Activity
  • Vertebral fracture
  • Vertebroplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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