We wished to determine whether the metabolism of arachidonic acid, through lipoxygenase and cytochrome P-450 pathways, is involved in production of endothelium-derived relaxing factor(s) (EDRFs) in canine femoral veins. Veins were removed from anesthetized dogs and cut into rings. Endothelium was deliberately removed from some rings. In separate sets of experiments, rings were incubated with either AA861 (10-5 M) or TMK777 (10-6 M), inhibitors of 5-lipoxygenase, nor-dihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA 3 × 10-6 M), an inhibitor of lipoxygenase or proadifen (SKF 525A, 10-6 M), an inhibitor of cytochrome P-450. In addition, some rings were incubated with a combination of indomethacin (10-5 M) and NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA 10-4 M) or, where appropriate, a solvent control. Concentration-response curves were obtained for acetylcho-line, adenosine diphosphate, thrombin, A23187, and nitric oxide in rings contracted with a submaximal concentration of prostaglandin F2α. AA861 and TMK777 did not alter endothelium-dependent relaxations to the agonists, whether with or without indomethacin and L-NMMA. However, indomethacin plus L-NMMA reduced endothelium-dependent relaxations to thrombin. These results suggest that metabolism of arachidonic acid, through lipoxygenase and cytochrome P-450 pathways, does not produce an EDRF in veins. However, thrombin receptor-activated relaxations are mediated in part by products of the cyclooxygenase pathway and nitric oxide.
- Arachidonic acid
- Cytochrome P-450
- Endothelium-derived relaxing factors
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine