Leiomyoma is the most frequent nonepithelial benign tumor of the bladder, and only about 170 cases have been reported in the literature. Most bladder wall leiomyomas are found incidentally and can be clinically followed if imaging and biopsy findings are consistent with the diagnosis. Resection is usually performed for symptomatic or enlarging masses and is indicated if the diagnosis is in question. We demonstrate imaging characteristics, port placement, operative technique, and surgical pathologic findings of the first reported case of robot-assisted laparoscopic resection of a bladder wall leiomyoma.
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