Background and Aims: Risk of progression in Barrett's esophagus (BE) with low-grade dysplasia (LGD) and high-grade dysplasia (HGD) has been established. However, the natural history of BE with indefinite dysplasia (BE-IND) remains unclear. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the pooled risk of progression to HGD and/or esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) in BE-IND. Methods: We performed a systematic search of multiple databases to June 2018 to identify studies reporting the incidence of HGD, EAC, or HGD/EAC as an outcome in patients with BE-IND undergoing endoscopic surveillance. The pooled incidence rate of HGD and/or EAC and EAC alone was estimated. Results: We identified 8 studies reporting the incidence of HGD and/or EAC and 5 studies reporting the incidence of EAC in BE-IND. The pooled incidence of HGD and/or EAC (89 cases in 1441 patients over 5306.2 person-years) was 1.5 per 100 person-years (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.0-2.0). The pooled incidence of EAC (40 cases in 1266 patients over 4520.2 person-years) was 0.6 per 100 person-years (95% CI, 0.1-1.1). Substantial heterogeneity was noted in the analyses. On subgroup analysis, the incidence of EAC was higher in studies from Europe compared with North America (0.9% vs 0.1%, P = .01). The pooled incidence of LGD was 11.4 per 100 person-years (95% CI, 0.06-0.2). Conclusion: The estimated incidence of HGD and/or EAC and EAC alone in BE-IND is similar to the previously reported progression risk in BE-LGD. Based on these risk estimates, patients with BE-IND should be placed on active endoscopic surveillance.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging