The association of right ventricular (RV) infarction with inferoseptal myocardial infarction is well established. However, a question remains about the occurrence of RV infarction in association with anteroseptal myocardial infarction. To determine the frequency and clinical correlates of this entity, we studied autopsied hearts from patients with isolated anteroseptal left ventricular (LV) infarcts. Among 3,249 autopsy specimens, 88 cases were identified. From each, sections were taken from the RV anterior, lateral, and inferior regions at basal, middle, and apical levels. All 1,584 slides were reviewed by blinded assessment. RV and LV infarcts were compared to confirm similarity in age. Patient records and cardiac investigations were reviewed for evidence of RV involvement. Of the 88 hearts with anteroseptal LV infarcts, 9 (10%) had coexistent RV infarction (6, old; 3, new). For these 9, the RV infarction involved 11% to 33% of the RV area, and the left anterior descending coronary artery was the infarct-related artery in each. All 3 patients who had an echocardiographic examination within 4 weeks of anteroseptal LV infarction had RV dysfunction. One patient, studied 15 years after infarction, had a normal right ventricle by echocardiography. In 3 patients with acute myocardial infarction, right heart catheterization during the acute phase revealed increased right-sided diastolic pressures out of proportion to left-sided diastolic pressures (right atrial pressure to pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, 60% to 95%). In conclusion, 10% of patients with an isolated anteroseptal LV infarct had evidence of RV free wall infarction. The RV infarction was associated with identifiable hemodynamic and echocardiographic features. (C) 2000 by Elsevier Science Inc.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine