Tissue-valved prosthetic extracardiac conduits fail in 6% to 30% of patients within 5 years of implantation. Failure is caused both by valve degeneration and by conduit peel formation. This report describes a technique, performed in 16 children, in which an obstructed right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery valved conduit was removed and a new conduit constructed using the conduit bed as the posterior wall and a patch of xenograft pericardium (n = 10), homograft dura mater (n = 5), or Dacron (n = 1) as the roof of the conduit. One child with pulmonry hypertension required a Bjork-Shiley pulmonary valve; in the others no valve was inserted. This technique simplifies conduit replacement, allows for a generous-sized outflow tract that may grow with patient growth, and uses material unlikely to become obstructed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine