The most common cause of reoperation following repair of atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD) is left atrioventricular valve regurgitation. However, reoperation for subaortic obstruction is required in some, especially after initial repair of partial AVSD. Etiology of reoperation and late outcome were evaluated. Between 1962 and 2007, 146 patients (59 male) underwent reoperation at the authors' institution after prior repair of partial (n = 96) and complete (n = 50) AVSD. Median age at reoperation after repair of partial AVSD was 26 years (range, 10 months to 71 years) and 4.5 years (range, 53 days to 38 years) after repair of complete AVSD. The 3 most common indications for reoperation included left atrioventricular (AV) valve regurgitation in 105 patients, subaortic stenosis in 29, and right AV valve regurgitation in 21. The most common procedures performed included left AV valve repair in 59 (40%) patients, left AV valve replacement in 56 (38%), subaortic fibrous resection/myectomy in 24 (16%), and right AV valve surgery in 19 (13%). Freedom from subsequent reoperation at 10 years was 48% after initial repair of complete AVSD and 84% after initial repair of partial AVSD. During late follow-up, 10-year actuarial survival was 91% and 77% after initial repair of complete and partial AVSD, respectively. The most common indication for reoperation after initial repair of partial or complete AVSD is left AV valve pathology; left ventricular outflow tract obstruction was more common in partial AVSD. Although freedom from subsequent reoperations is higher after initial repair of partial AVSD, these patients have reduced long-term survival when compared with complete AVSD.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||World Journal for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery|
|State||Published - 2010|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine