Background. End-stage liver disease (ESLD) is the most common cause of secondary immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN). Multiple mechanisms have been proposed to explain the association between liver disease and IgAN. Although some mechanisms are expected to reverse in patients after liver transplant, the long-term renal prognosis is unclear for these patients. Methods. This observational retrospective cohort study examined the renal outcomes of 14 patients who had IgAN with end-stage liver disease and subsequently underwent either liver transplant alone or combined liver and kidney transplant at a single tertiary care center. Results. Of the 7 patients who underwent liver transplant alone, hematuria persisted in 2, 4 had progressive loss of kidney function with worsening proteinuria in 3 but only 1 reached end-stage renal disease 5 years posttransplant. Among 7 combined liver and kidney transplant recipients, 1 had histologic and 1 had histologic and clinical recurrence of IgAN without kidney allograft loss. Conclusions. IgAN in patients with advanced liver disease does not necessarily resolve after liver transplant but has overall favorable renal outcomes.
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