Relationship of Number of Missing Teeth to Hip Fracture in Elderly Patients: A Cohort Pilot Study

Jennifer Priebe, Robert A. Wermers, Stephen A. Sems, Christopher M. Viozzi, Sreenivas Koka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the relationship between the number of missing natural teeth or remaining natural teeth and osteoporotic hip fracture in elderly patients and to determine the relationship between the number of missing teeth or remaining teeth and osteoporotic fracture risk assessment (FRAX) probability. Materials and Methods: Number of missing teeth was determined by clinical oral exam on a total of 100 subjects, 50 with hip fractures and 50 without. Ten-year fracture risk and hip fracture risk probabilities were calculated using the FRAX tool. Statistical analyses were performed to determine strength of associations between number of missing natural teeth and likelihood of experiencing a fracture. Degree of correlation between number of missing natural teeth and FRAX probabilities were calculated. Results: There appears to be an association between the number of missing natural teeth and hip fractures. For every 5-tooth increase in the number of missing teeth, the likelihood of being a subject in the hip fracture group increased by 26%. Number of missing natural teeth was positively correlated with FRAX overall fracture and hip fracture probability. Conclusions: Number of missing natural teeth may be a valuable tool to assist members of medical and dental teams in identifying patients with higher FRAX scores and higher likelihood of experiencing a hip fracture. Additional research is necessary to validate these findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Prosthodontics
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2017

Keywords

  • Count
  • Fracture
  • Hip
  • Mortality
  • Tooth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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