Regional glycerol and free fatty acid metabolism before and after meal ingestion

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Abstract

We measured splanchnic and leg glycerol [and free fatty acid (FFA)] uptake and release in 11 healthy volunteers before and after meal ingestion to assess whether regional FFA-to-glycerol release ratios mirror systemic release ratios. Basal splanchnic triglyceride release was also assessed. Although basal splanchnic glycerol uptake (111 ± 18 μmol/min) accounted for most of systemic glycerol rate of appearance (156 ± 20 μmol/min), leg glycerol uptake was also noted. The basal, systemic FFA-to-glycerol release ratio was less (2.6 ± 0.2, P 0.05) than the splanchnic ratio of 6.1 ± 1.3, and the leg FFA-to-glycerol release ratio under fed conditions was less than the systemic ratio (0.9 ± 0.1 os. 1.6 ± 0.2, respectively, P < 0.05). Basal splanchnic triglyceride production rates were 74 ± 20 μmol/min, which could produce equimolar amounts of glycerol in the peripheral circulation via lipoprotein lipase action. In summary, 1) regional FFA-to-glycerol release ratios do not mirror systemic ratios, 2) leg glycerol uptake occurs in humans, and 3) splanchnic triglyceride production rates are substantial relative to systemic glycerol appearance. Glycerol appearance rates may not be a quantitative index of whole body lipolysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume276
Issue number5 39-5
StatePublished - May 1999

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Nonesterified Fatty Acids
Metabolism
Glycerol
Meals
Eating
Viscera
Leg
Triglycerides
Mirrors
Lipoprotein Lipase
Lipolysis
Healthy Volunteers

Keywords

  • Blood flow
  • Isotopic tracers
  • Lipolysis
  • Oleate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology
  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

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title = "Regional glycerol and free fatty acid metabolism before and after meal ingestion",
abstract = "We measured splanchnic and leg glycerol [and free fatty acid (FFA)] uptake and release in 11 healthy volunteers before and after meal ingestion to assess whether regional FFA-to-glycerol release ratios mirror systemic release ratios. Basal splanchnic triglyceride release was also assessed. Although basal splanchnic glycerol uptake (111 ± 18 μmol/min) accounted for most of systemic glycerol rate of appearance (156 ± 20 μmol/min), leg glycerol uptake was also noted. The basal, systemic FFA-to-glycerol release ratio was less (2.6 ± 0.2, P 0.05) than the splanchnic ratio of 6.1 ± 1.3, and the leg FFA-to-glycerol release ratio under fed conditions was less than the systemic ratio (0.9 ± 0.1 os. 1.6 ± 0.2, respectively, P < 0.05). Basal splanchnic triglyceride production rates were 74 ± 20 μmol/min, which could produce equimolar amounts of glycerol in the peripheral circulation via lipoprotein lipase action. In summary, 1) regional FFA-to-glycerol release ratios do not mirror systemic ratios, 2) leg glycerol uptake occurs in humans, and 3) splanchnic triglyceride production rates are substantial relative to systemic glycerol appearance. Glycerol appearance rates may not be a quantitative index of whole body lipolysis.",
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author = "Jensen, {Michael Dennis}",
year = "1999",
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AU - Jensen, Michael Dennis

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N2 - We measured splanchnic and leg glycerol [and free fatty acid (FFA)] uptake and release in 11 healthy volunteers before and after meal ingestion to assess whether regional FFA-to-glycerol release ratios mirror systemic release ratios. Basal splanchnic triglyceride release was also assessed. Although basal splanchnic glycerol uptake (111 ± 18 μmol/min) accounted for most of systemic glycerol rate of appearance (156 ± 20 μmol/min), leg glycerol uptake was also noted. The basal, systemic FFA-to-glycerol release ratio was less (2.6 ± 0.2, P 0.05) than the splanchnic ratio of 6.1 ± 1.3, and the leg FFA-to-glycerol release ratio under fed conditions was less than the systemic ratio (0.9 ± 0.1 os. 1.6 ± 0.2, respectively, P < 0.05). Basal splanchnic triglyceride production rates were 74 ± 20 μmol/min, which could produce equimolar amounts of glycerol in the peripheral circulation via lipoprotein lipase action. In summary, 1) regional FFA-to-glycerol release ratios do not mirror systemic ratios, 2) leg glycerol uptake occurs in humans, and 3) splanchnic triglyceride production rates are substantial relative to systemic glycerol appearance. Glycerol appearance rates may not be a quantitative index of whole body lipolysis.

AB - We measured splanchnic and leg glycerol [and free fatty acid (FFA)] uptake and release in 11 healthy volunteers before and after meal ingestion to assess whether regional FFA-to-glycerol release ratios mirror systemic release ratios. Basal splanchnic triglyceride release was also assessed. Although basal splanchnic glycerol uptake (111 ± 18 μmol/min) accounted for most of systemic glycerol rate of appearance (156 ± 20 μmol/min), leg glycerol uptake was also noted. The basal, systemic FFA-to-glycerol release ratio was less (2.6 ± 0.2, P 0.05) than the splanchnic ratio of 6.1 ± 1.3, and the leg FFA-to-glycerol release ratio under fed conditions was less than the systemic ratio (0.9 ± 0.1 os. 1.6 ± 0.2, respectively, P < 0.05). Basal splanchnic triglyceride production rates were 74 ± 20 μmol/min, which could produce equimolar amounts of glycerol in the peripheral circulation via lipoprotein lipase action. In summary, 1) regional FFA-to-glycerol release ratios do not mirror systemic ratios, 2) leg glycerol uptake occurs in humans, and 3) splanchnic triglyceride production rates are substantial relative to systemic glycerol appearance. Glycerol appearance rates may not be a quantitative index of whole body lipolysis.

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KW - Oleate

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