Regional gastric contractility alterations in a diabetic gastroparesis mouse model: Effects of cholinergic and serotoninergic stimulation

Arlene N. James, James P. Ryan, Michael D. Crowell, Henry P. Parkman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

The C57BLKS/J db/db mouse develops hyperglycemia and has delayed gastric emptying that is improved with tegaserod, a partial 5-HT4 agonist. Our aims here were to determine regional gastric contractility alterations in C57BLKS/J db/db mice and to determine the effects of serotonin and tegaserod. The contractile effects of bethanechol, serotonin, and tegaserod in fundic, antral, and pyloric circular muscle were compared in C57BLKS/J db/db mice and normal littermates. The effects of tetrodotoxin, atropine, and 5-HT receptor antagonists were studied. Contractions in response to bethanechol were decreased in the fundus, similar in the antrum, but increased in the pylorus in diabetic mice compared with controls. Serotonin and, to a lesser extent, tegaserod caused contractions that were more pronounced in the fundus than in the antrum and pylorus in both diabetic and normal mice. Serotonin-induced contractions were partially inhibited by atropine, the 5-HT4 antagonist GR113808, and the 5-HT2 antagonist cinanseron but not tetrodotoxin. Regional gastric contractility alterations are present in this diabetic gastroparesis mouse model. Fundic contractility was decreased, but pyloric contractility was increased in the pylorus to cholinergic stimulation in diabetic mice. Serotonin's contractile effect is mediated, in part, through muscarinic, 5-HT2, and 5-HT4 receptors. This study suggests that fundic hypomotility and pyloric hypercontractility, rather than antral hypomotility, play important roles for the gastric dysmotility that occurs in diabetes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)G612-G619
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume287
Issue number3 50-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2004

Keywords

  • Serotonin
  • Tegaserod

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Physiology (medical)

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