Reconstitution of Ir genes, Ia antigens, and mixed lymphocyte reaction determinants by gene complementation

C. G. Fathman, M. Kimoto, R. Melvold, C. S. David

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39 Scopus citations


By using clones of murine T cells reactive with alloantigens as well as soluble antigens, it has been possible to demonstrate that Ia antigens, Ir gene phenomena (defined as the ability of immune T cells to recognize antigen), and mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR)-stimulating determinants encoded within the I-A subregion are different manifestations associated with same product. These studies utilized the I-A(b) mutant mouse B6. C-H-2(bm12) (bm12), whose defect in the normal expression of the cell surface products of the I-A(b) subregion can be partially circumvented through trans-complementation by deriving hybrids between bm12 and mice expressing normal I-A subregion products. Such mice [e.g., (bm 12 x B10.A)F1] express several serologically normal I-A(b) products but have defects in certain I-A subregion gene products normally expressed on cells of H-2(a) x H-2(b) heterozygote mice that are used as restricting elements for antigen recognition by antigen-reactive T cell clones or recognized as alloantigens by alloreactive T cell clones. This defect in cell surface expression of certain normal I-A(b) products on the mutant bm12 cells has allowed us to suggest that there exist trans-complementing products H-2(a) x H-2(b) heterozygote mice consisting of A(b)(α)A(k)β) and A(k)(α)A(b)(β) that restrict antigen recognition by cloned T cells, stimulate MLR responses by cloned T cells, and react with certain anti-Ia antisera.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1853-1857
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number3 I
StatePublished - 1981

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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