Recent advances in the management of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease

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25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), the most common monogenic cause of ESKD, is characterized by relentless development of kidney cysts, hypertension, and destruction of the kidney parenchyma. Over the past few years,major advancements in diagnosing, prognosticating, and understanding the pathogenesis and natural course of the disease have been made. Currently, no kidney disease is more suitable for nephronprotective strategies. Early nephrology referral and implementation of these strategies may have a substantial effect. Total kidney volume is a good prognostication marker and allows stratification of patients into slowor rapid progressing disease, with implications for their management. Measurement of total kidney volume, disease stratification, and prognostication are possible using readily available tools. Although some patients require only monitoring and basic optimized kidney protective measures, such as rigorous BP control and various lifestyle and dietary changes, others will benefit from disease-modifying treatments. Vasopressin V2 receptor antagonists, a likely disease-modifying treatment, has been approved in several countries and recently by the US Food and Drug Administration; other therapies, such as somatostatin analogs and other novel agents, are currently in clinical trials. The purpose of this article is to present our views on the optimalmanagement to delay kidney disease progression in ADPKD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1765-1776
Number of pages12
JournalClinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume13
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation

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