Radioguidance for nonpalpable primary lesions and sentinel lymph node(s)

Richard J. Gray, Rosemary Giuliano, Emilia L. Dauway, Charles E. Cox, Douglas S. Reintgen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


Background: Radioguided surgery can also be used for the simultaneous guidance to a nonpalpable primary tumor and sentinel lymph nodes. Methods: Retrospective review of a prospective database. The surgeon used a gamma probe for guidance to an iodine-125 labeled titanium seed at the primary lesion and technetium-99 labeled sulfur colloid at the sentinel lymph node. Results: Forty-three patients with nonpalpable breast carcinoma underwent dual isotope radioguided surgery. The radioactive seed and primary lesion were retrieved in the first excision in all 44 patients (100%). Eleven patients (25%) had pathologically involved margins. Sentinel lymph node mapping was successful in 42 patients (98%). A mean of 2.4 sentinel nodes were excised and metastatic carcinoma was present in four patients (10%). Conclusions: Dual isotopes can be effectively used in breast cancer patients for simultaneous radioguidance to both a nonpalpable primary lesion and sentinel lymph node and allows for improved logistics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)404-406
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican journal of surgery
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001


  • Radioguided surgery
  • Sentinel lymph node
  • Wire localization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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