Radiation dose reduction in paranasal sinus CT using model-based iterative reconstruction

Joseph M. Hoxworth, D. Lal, G. P. Fletcher, A. C. Patel, M. He, R. G. Paden, A. K. Hara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: CT performed with Veo model-based iterative reconstruction has shown the potential for radiationdose reduction. This study sought to determine whether Veo could reduce noise and improve the image quality of low-dose sinus CT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients consented to participate and underwent low- and standard-dose sinus CT on the same day. Standard-dose CT was created with filtered back-projection (120 kV[peak], 210 mA, 0.4-second rotation, and 0.531 pitch). For low-dose CT, mA was decreased to 20 (the remaining parameters were unchanged), and images were generated with filtered back-projection and Veo. Standard- and low-dose datasets were reconstructed by using bone and soft-tissue algorithms, while the low-dose Veo reconstruction only had a standard kernel. Two blinded neuroradiologists independently evaluated the image quality of multiple osseous and soft-tissue craniofacial structures. Image noise was measured by using multiple regions of interest. RESULTS: Eight women and 12 men (mean age, 63.3 years) participated. Volume CT dose indices were 2.9 mGy (low dose) and 31.6 mGy (standard dose), and mean dose-length products were 37.4 mGy-cm (low dose) and 406.1 mGy-cm (standard dose). Of all the imaging series, low-dose Veo demonstrated the least noise (P < .001). Compared with filtered back-projection low-dose CT using soft-tissue and bone algorithms, Veo had the best soft-tissue image quality but the poorest bone image quality (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Veo significantly reduces noise in low-dose sinus CT. Although this reduction improves soft-tissue evaluation, thin bone becomes less distinct.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)644-649
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology

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    Hoxworth, J. M., Lal, D., Fletcher, G. P., Patel, A. C., He, M., Paden, R. G., & Hara, A. K. (2014). Radiation dose reduction in paranasal sinus CT using model-based iterative reconstruction. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 35(4), 644-649. https://doi.org/10.3174/ajnr.A3749