Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) often presents with exercise-induced symptoms, including arrhythmias and sudden death. The investigators prospectively studied whether exercise testing is associated with immediate complications and if stress-induced arrhythmias and echocardiographic variables are associated with long-term adverse outcomes. Exercise echocardiography with 6-channel continuous monitoring for arrhythmias was performed in consecutive patients with HC clinically referred for the test. End points included death, myocardial infarction, revascularization, stroke, atrial fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia, and myectomy. Of 86 patients with HC (mean age 56.6 ± 16.1 years) who underwent exercise echocardiography, arrhythmias occurred in 39 (45%), including 23 (27%) with premature atrial contractions, 2 (2%) with atrial fibrillation, 28 (33%) with premature ventricular contractions (16 also had atrial arrhythmias), and 1 (1.2%) with nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (hemodynamically stable). During a follow-up of 2.6 ± 2.8 years, major events occurred in 11 patients (3 deaths, 5 revascularizations, 3 strokes). In addition, 12 patients developed atrial fibrillation, 6 developed nonsustained ventricular tachycardia, and 13 underwent myectomies. Variables associated with major events included hypertension, male gender, and worsening wall motion score index with exercise; increased exercise duration was associated with fewer events. ST-T changes on baseline electrocardiography and premature ventricular contractions were associated with atrial fibrillation risk. In conclusion, in this cohort of patients with HC, exercise testing was safe. Test results were associated with risk for adverse events.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine