Prognostic significance of chronotropic response to dobutamine stress echocardiography in patients with peripheral arterial disease

Nithima Chaowalit, Joseph F. Maalouf, Thom W Rooke, Marion E. Barnes, Kent R Bailey, Patricia Pellikka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations


Chronotropic response is important during exercise stress testing. Less is known about its role after dobutamine stress echocardiography. In addition, limited information exists regarding the long-term prognostic value of dobutamine stress echocardiography in patients who have peripheral arterial disease. We studied 2,138 patients who had peripheral arterial disease (1,317 men, 70 ± 10 years old) and who underwent dobutamine stress echocardiography. Follow-up was completed for all-cause mortality and cardiovascular morbidity (nonfatal myocardial infarction and coronary revascularization). Death and cardiovascular morbidity occurred in 961 patients (45%) and 348 patients (16%), respectively, during a follow-up of 6.1 ± 2.7 years. Failure to achieve 85% of age-predicted maximal heart rate (hazard ratio [HR] 1.34, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.16 to 1.54, p = 0.0001) and percent of abnormal segments at peak stress (HR/10% increment 1.04, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.07, p = 0.02) were independent predictors of mortality and morbidity (HR 1.35, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.71, p = 0.01 and HR 1.14, 95% CI 1.08 to 1.20, p <0.0001, respectively). The effect of not achieving the target heart rate during normal dobutamine stress echocardiography on 1-, 3-, 5-, and 10-year survival probabilities was comparable to that of ischemia (86% vs 88%, 75% vs 71%, 62% vs 59%, and 33% vs 32%, respectively; p = 0.8). In a stepwise multivariate model, dobutamine stress echocardiography had incremental value over clinical data and echocardiographic data at rest for predicting rates of mortality (model chi-square increase from 301 to 322, p <0.0001) and morbidity (model chi-square increase from 37 to 118, p <0.0001). In conclusion, chronotropic response and extent of abnormal segments at peak dobutamine stress provide incremental prognostic information in patients who have peripheral arterial disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1523-1528
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 15 2004


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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