Prognostic implications of abnormalities in renal function in patients with acute coronary syndromes

Jassim Al Suwaidi, Donal N. Reddan, Kathryn Williams, Karen S. Pieper, Robert A. Harrington, Robert M. Califf, Christopher B. Granger, E. Magnus Ohman, David R. Holmes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

383 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background - Outcomes in patients with mild to moderate renal function (RF) abnormalities presenting with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) are not well defined. Methods and Results - A convenience sample of 4 ACS trial databases including all enrolled patients was assessed to determine 30- and 180-day outcomes, The 4 trials were Global Use of Strategies to Open Occluded Coronary Arteries (GUSTO) IIb, GUSTO-III, Platelet Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa in Unstable Angina: Receptor Suppression Using Integrilin Therapy (PURSUIT), and Platelet IIb/IIIa Antagonism for the Reduction of Acute coronary syndrome events in a Global Organization Network (PARAGON-A). Patients were stratified into ST-segment elevation (STE) and non-ST-segment elevation (NSE) groups and by the presence or absence of abnormal RF (creatinine clearance <70 mL/min). In the STE group, 7670 of 18 621 patients (41%) had abnormal RF. In the NSE group, 8152 of 19 304 (42%) had abnormal RF. Patients with abnormal RF were older, more often female, and more likely to have adverse baseline characteristics. They had higher mortality and higher mortality/nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI) at both 30 and 180 days, regardless of ST-segment status. Creatinine clearance was independently associated with risk of mortality (hazard ratio 0.79 in the STE group and 0.81 in the NSE group) and with risk of mortality/MI (hazard ratio 0.93) in the NSE group at 180 days. Conclusions - Patients presenting with ACS frequently have abnormal RF. Abnormal RF is a marker of adverse baseline clinical characteristics and is independently associated with increased risk of death and death/MI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)974-980
Number of pages7
JournalCirculation
Volume106
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 20 2002

Keywords

  • Coronary disease
  • Kidney
  • Mortality
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Prognosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Prognostic implications of abnormalities in renal function in patients with acute coronary syndromes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this