Pericardial disease is a recognized manifestation of cardiovascular disease in the end-stage renal disease (ESRD) population, and can manifest as pericardial effusion, though the prognosis of pericardial disease in ESRD patients is unclear. In the modern era of renal replacement therapy, little is known about the prevalence and the implications of pericardial effusion in ESRD patients, its echocardiographic characteristics, and risk factors. We conducted a retrospective chart review on subjects > than 18 years of age with known ESRD who were undergoing outpatient evaluation for renal transplantation at Mayo Clinic Arizona between January 2001 and December 2015 and had baseline echocardiogram completed within 3 months of their initial evaluation. Patients with moderate sized pericardial effusions or larger were identified. The pericardial effusion cohort was age and gender matched with a cohort of patients with ESRD without pericardial effusion in a 1:2 fashion. 54 patients with moderate or greater sized pericardial effusion out of 2,820 patients that fit our inclusion criteria, corresponding to a prevalence of 1.9%. A total of 41 patients or 75.9%, had a moderate sized effusion. A total of 13 patients, or 24.1% had a large sized effusion, 7 of whom had tamponade physiology on echocardiography. The presence and size of the effusion was not predictive for worse outcomes. Hemodialysis duration was protective, but no other factors were predictive or protective in the development of moderate sized or larger pericardial effusions, including echocardiographic parameters.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine