Pregnancy-Associated Plasma Protein-A Elevation in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome and Subsequent Atorvastatin Therapy

Michael D. Miedema, Cheryl A. Conover, Holly MacDonald, Sean C. Harrington, Dedra Oberg, Daniel Wilson, Timothy D. Henry, Robert S. Schwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) was associated with atherosclerotic plaque vulnerability, whereas statin therapy was associated with increased plaque stability. Eighty-six patients presenting with clinical indications (non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction, unstable angina, and stable angina) for invasive coronary angiography and subsequent verified coronary artery disease (CAD) were randomly assigned in a double-blind manner to atorvastatin 10 or 80 mg/day. PAPP-A, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and lipids were measured at baseline (before statin therapy) and at 1 and 6 months. PAPP-A was significantly increased in 35 patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) compared with 51 patients with stable CAD (p <0.001). Patients randomly assigned to atorvastatin 10 mg did not show a significant decrease in PAPP-A from baseline at 1 or 6 months. Patients treated with atorvastatin 80 mg showed a significant decrease at 1 month compared with baseline, but not at 6 months. hs-CRP was not significantly different between the ACS and stable CAD groups. Patients receiving atorvastatin 10 mg showed no hs-CRP decrease at 1 or 6 months, whereas it significantly decreased in the 80-mg group at 6 months, but not at 1 month. In conclusion, PAPP-A significantly increased in patients with ACS compared with those with stable coronary disease. High-dose atorvastatin significantly decreased PAPP-A at 1 month and hs-CRP at 6 months in patients with verified CAD. Low-dose atorvastatin did not produce this effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-39
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume101
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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