Preferred roles in treatment decision making among patients with cancer: A pooled analysis of studies using the control preferences scale

Jasvinder A. Singh, Jeff A. Sloan, Pamela J. Atherton, Tenbroeck Smith, Thomas F. Hack, Mashele M. Huschka, Teresa A. Rummans, Matthew M. Clark, Brent Diekmann, Lesley F. Degner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

124 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To collect normative data, assess differences between demographic groups, and indirectly compare US and Canadian medical systems relative to patient expectations of involvement in cancer treatment decision making. Study Design: Meta-analysis. Methods: Individual patient data were compiled across 6 clinical studies among 3491 patients with cancer who completed the 2-item Control Preferences Scale indicating the roles they preferred versus actually experienced in treatment decision making. Results: The roles in treatment decision making that patients preferred were 26% active, 49% collaborative, and 25% passive. The roles that patients reported actually experiencing were 30% active, 34% collaborative, and 36% passive. Roughly 61% of patients reported having their preferred role; only 6% experienced extreme discordance between their preferred versus actual roles. More men than women (66% vs 60%, P = .001) and more US patients than Canadian patients (84% vs 54%, P < .001) reported concordance between their preferred versus actual roles. More Canadian patients than US patients preferred and actually experienced (42% vs 18%, P < .001) passive roles. More women than men reported taking a passive role (40% vs 24%, P < .001). Older patients preferred and were more likely than younger patients to assume a passive role. Conclusions: Roughly half of the studied patients with cancer indicated that they preferred to have a collaborative relationship with physicians. Although most patients had the decision-making role they preferred, about 40% experienced discordance. This highlights the need for incorporation of individualized patient communication styles into treatment plans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)688-696
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Managed Care
Volume16
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2010

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy

Cite this

Singh, J. A., Sloan, J. A., Atherton, P. J., Smith, T., Hack, T. F., Huschka, M. M., Rummans, T. A., Clark, M. M., Diekmann, B., & Degner, L. F. (2010). Preferred roles in treatment decision making among patients with cancer: A pooled analysis of studies using the control preferences scale. American Journal of Managed Care, 16(9), 688-696.