Predictors of mortality among bacteremic patients with septic shock receiving appropriate antimicrobial therapy

David D. Leedahl, Heather A. Personett, Ognjen Gajic, Rahul Kashyap, Garrett E. Schramm

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Abstract

Background: Factors capable of impacting hospital mortality in patients with septic shock remain uncertain. Our objective was to identify predictors of hospital mortality among patients who received appropriate antimicrobial therapy for bacteremic septic shock after accounting for severity of illness, resuscitation status, and processes of care.Methods: We conducted a secondary subgroup analysis of a prospective severe sepsis cohort study. Patients with septic shock and positive blood cultures who received appropriate antimicrobial therapy were included. Univariable analyses were used to identify differences between hospital survivors and non-survivors, and a multivariable logistic regression model revealed independent determinants of hospital mortality.Results: From January 2008 to December 2010, 58 of 224 included patients died in the hospital. Multivariable logistic regression analysis demonstrated 2 independent predictors of hospital mortality. These included continuous renal replacement therapy utilization within 48 hours of septic shock recognition (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 5.52; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.94-16.34) and intra-abdominal infection (adjusted OR, 3.92; 95% CI, 1.47-10.79). Escherichia coli was independently associated with a lower risk of hospital mortality (adjusted OR, 0.34; 95% CI, 0.11-0.90).Conclusion: Intra-abdominal infection and continuous renal replacement therapy were associated with increased hospital mortality in patients with septic shock who received appropriate antimicrobial therapy. Our findings may be explained by suboptimal intra-abdominal infection management or inadequate antimicrobial concentration in these patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number21
JournalBMC Anesthesiology
Volume14
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 25 2014

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Keywords

  • Antimicrobials
  • Bacteremia
  • Hospital mortality
  • Outcome
  • Septic shock

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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