Prediction of the binding site of 1-benzyl-4-[(5,6-dimethoxy-1-indanon-2-yl)methyl]piperidine in acetylcholinesterase by docking studies with the SYSDOC program

Yuan Ping Pang, Alan P. Kozikowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the preceding paper we reported on a docking study with the SYSDOC program for predicting the binding sites of huperzine A in acetylcholinesterase (AChE) [Pang, Y.-P. and Kozikowski, A.P., J. Comput.-Aided Mol. Design, 8 (1994) 669]. Here we present a prediction of the binding sites of 1-benzyl-4-[(5,6-dimethoxy-1-indanon-2-yl)methyl]piperidine (E2020) in AChE by the same method. E2020 is one of the most potent and selective reversible inhibitors of AChE, and this molecule has puzzled researchers, partly due to its flexible structure, in understanding how it binds to AChE. Based on the results of docking 1320 different conformers of E2020 into 69 different conformers of AChE and on the pharmacological data reported for E2020 and its analogs, we predict that both the R- and the S-isomer of E2020 span the whole binding cavity of AChE, with the ammonium group interacting mainly with Trp84, Phe330 and Asp72, the phenyl group interacting mainly with Trp84 and Phe330, and the indanone moiety interacting mainly with Tyr70 and Trp279. The topography of the calculated E2020 binding sites provides insights into understanding the high potency of E2020 in the inhibition of AChE and provides hints as to possible structural modifications for identifying improved AChE inhibitors as potential therapeutics for the palliative treatment of Alzheimer's disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)683-693
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Computer-Aided Molecular Design
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1994

Keywords

  • Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • E2020
  • Molecular recognition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Drug Discovery
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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