Predicting MGMT methylation status of glioblastomas from MRI texture

Ilya Levner, Sylvia Drabycz, Gloria Roldan, Paula De Robles, J. Gregory Cairncross, Ross Mitchell

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

In glioblastoma (GBM), promoter methylation of the DNA repair gene MGMT is associated with benefit from chemotherapy. Because MGMT promoter methylation status can not be determined in all cases, a surrogate for the methylation status would be a useful clinical tool. Correlation between methylation status and magnetic resonance imaging features has been reported suggesting that non-invasive MGMT promoter methylation status detection is possible. In this work, a retrospective analysis of T2, FLAIR and T1-post contrast MR images in patients with newly diagnosed GBM is performed using L1-regularized neural networks. Tumor texture, assessed quantitatively was utilized for predicting the MGMT promoter methylation status of a GBM in 59 patients. The texture features were extracted using a space-frequency texture analysis based on the S-transform and utilized by a neural network to predict the methylation status of a GBM. Blinded classification of MGMT promoter methylation status reached an average accuracy of 87.7%, indicating that the proposed technique is accurate enough for clinical use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMedical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention - MICCAI2009 - 12th International Conference, Proceedings
Pages522-530
Number of pages9
EditionPART 2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009
Event12th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2009 - London, United Kingdom
Duration: Sep 20 2009Sep 24 2009

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
NumberPART 2
Volume5762 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference12th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2009
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityLondon
Period9/20/099/24/09

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

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