Posterolateral Corner Reconstruction using the Anatomical Two-Tailed Graft Technique

Clinical Outcomes in the Multiligament Injured Knee

Jarret M. Woodmass, Thomas L. Sanders, Nick R. Johnson, Isabella T. Wu, Aaron Krych, Michael J. Stuart, Bruce A Levy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Injury to the posterolateral corner (PLC) of the knee can lead to both varus and rotational instability. Multiple PLC reconstruction techniques have been described, including one-tailed graft (fibula-based constructs) or two-tailed graft (combined fibula- and tibia-based constructs). The purpose of our study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of anatomical two-tailed graft reconstruction of the PLC in the setting of multiligament knee injuries (MKLIs) with grade III varus instability. Patients were identified through a prospective MLKI database between 2004 and 2013. Patients who received fibular collateral ligament and PLC reconstructions using a two-tailed graft and had a minimum follow-up of 2 years were included. Patients were assessed for clinical laxity grade, range of motion, and functional outcomes using Lysholm and International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) scores. Twenty patients (16 male, 4 female) with a mean age of 30.7 (range: 16–52) and a mean follow-up of 52.2 months (range: 24–93 months) were included. Knee dislocation (KD) grades included: 4 KD-1, 10 KD 3-L, 5 KD-4, and 1 KD-5. No patients had isolated PLC injuries. Mean IKDC and Lysholm score were 73.1 ± 25.8 and 78 ± 26, respectively. Mean range of motion was –1.1 to 122.8. In full extension, two patients (10%) had grade 1 laxity to varus stress. In 30 degrees of knee flexion, five (25%) patients had grade 1 laxity, and two (10%) had grade 2 laxity. Anatomical two-tailed PLC reconstruction can reliably restore varus stability when performed on patients with MLKIs and type C posterolateral instability with hyperextension external rotation recurvatum deformity. Satisfactory functional outcome scores were achieved in the majority of patients. This study supports the use of an anatomical two-tailed PLC reconstruction in the multiligament injured knee. The level of evidence is IV, case series.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Knee Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Feb 14 2018

Fingerprint

Knee Dislocation
Knee
Transplants
Fibula
Articular Range of Motion
Documentation
Knee Injuries
Collateral Ligaments
Wounds and Injuries
Tibia
Databases

Keywords

  • knee
  • knee dislocation
  • posterolateral corner

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Posterolateral Corner Reconstruction using the Anatomical Two-Tailed Graft Technique : Clinical Outcomes in the Multiligament Injured Knee. / Woodmass, Jarret M.; Sanders, Thomas L.; Johnson, Nick R.; Wu, Isabella T.; Krych, Aaron; Stuart, Michael J.; Levy, Bruce A.

In: Journal of Knee Surgery, 14.02.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Injury to the posterolateral corner (PLC) of the knee can lead to both varus and rotational instability. Multiple PLC reconstruction techniques have been described, including one-tailed graft (fibula-based constructs) or two-tailed graft (combined fibula- and tibia-based constructs). The purpose of our study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of anatomical two-tailed graft reconstruction of the PLC in the setting of multiligament knee injuries (MKLIs) with grade III varus instability. Patients were identified through a prospective MLKI database between 2004 and 2013. Patients who received fibular collateral ligament and PLC reconstructions using a two-tailed graft and had a minimum follow-up of 2 years were included. Patients were assessed for clinical laxity grade, range of motion, and functional outcomes using Lysholm and International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) scores. Twenty patients (16 male, 4 female) with a mean age of 30.7 (range: 16–52) and a mean follow-up of 52.2 months (range: 24–93 months) were included. Knee dislocation (KD) grades included: 4 KD-1, 10 KD 3-L, 5 KD-4, and 1 KD-5. No patients had isolated PLC injuries. Mean IKDC and Lysholm score were 73.1 ± 25.8 and 78 ± 26, respectively. Mean range of motion was –1.1 to 122.8. In full extension, two patients (10{\%}) had grade 1 laxity to varus stress. In 30 degrees of knee flexion, five (25{\%}) patients had grade 1 laxity, and two (10{\%}) had grade 2 laxity. Anatomical two-tailed PLC reconstruction can reliably restore varus stability when performed on patients with MLKIs and type C posterolateral instability with hyperextension external rotation recurvatum deformity. Satisfactory functional outcome scores were achieved in the majority of patients. This study supports the use of an anatomical two-tailed PLC reconstruction in the multiligament injured knee. The level of evidence is IV, case series.",
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