Platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa blockade and outcome of cardiogenic shock complicating acute coronary syndromes without persistent ST-segment elevation

David Hasdai, Robert A. Harrington, Judith S. Hochman, Robert M. Califf, Alexander Battler, James W. Box, Maarten L. Simoons, Jaap Deckers, Eric J. Topol, David R. Holmes

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110 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The study examined whether antiplatelet treatment with eptifibatide affected the frequency and outcome of shock among patients in the Platelet Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa in Unstable Angina: Receptor Suppression Using Integrilin Therapy (PURSUIT) trial who had acute coronary syndromes but not persistent ST-segment elevation. BACKGROUND: Preliminary reports suggest a salutary effect of antiplatelet agents when shock complicates acute myocardial infarction. METHODS: We analyzed the impact of antiplatelet treatment with eptifibatide on the frequency and outcome of cardiogenic shock developing after enrollment. PURSUIT was a double-blind, randomized trial that examined the efficacy of eptifibatide (180 μg/kg bolus + continuous infusion of 2.0 μg/kg/min for ≤96 h) versus placebo among patients who had acute coronary syndromes but not persistent ST-segment elevation. RESULTS: Shock developed in 2.5% of the 9,449 patients at a median (25th, 75th interquartiles) of 94.0 (38, 206) h. Death by 30 days occurred in 65.8% of shock patients. Patients who had acute myocardial infarction upon enrollment had a greater incidence of shock (2.9% vs. 2.1%, p = 0.01), developed shock earlier (40.2% <48 h vs. 20.9%, p = 0.001), and had higher 30-day mortality from shock (77.2% vs. 52.7%, p = 0.001). Randomization to eptifibatide did not affect the occurrence of shock (p = 0.71, adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 0.95, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.72-1.25). However, shock patients treated with eptifibatide had significantly reduced adjusted odds of 30-day death (p = 0.03, adjusted OR = 0.51, 95% CI = 0.28-0.94). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with shock treated with eptifibatide had significantly reduced adjusted odds of death, suggesting a salutary effect of antiplatelet therapy on shock. This finding warrants verification in specifically designed studies. (C) 2000 by the American College of Cardiology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)685-692
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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