Platelet glass bead retention predicts bleeding after cardiac surgery

Mark H. Ereth, Gregory A. Nuttall, Daniel G. Ericson, William P. Cooney IV, Brent R. Fisher, William C. Oliver, Hartzell V. Schaff, David N. Fass

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To determine if the platelet glass bead retention assay can predict bleeding after cardiac surgery. Design: Prospective, observational study. Setting: Large, tertiary care, academic medical center. Participants: Forty-three adult patients scheduled to undergo elective cardiac surgery employing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Measurements and Main Results: Whole blood samples were observed for platelet count, prothrombin time, and platelet (glass bead) retention assay. The platelet retention and prothrombin times were independent univariant and multivariant predictors of bleeding after CPB (r = 0.554, p = 0.0002 and r = 0.655, p = 0.00001). Conclusion: The platelet glass bead retention assay measures dynamic platelet function and is sensitive to the CPB-induced adhesion and aggregation defect and correlates with postoperative blood loss. Modification of this platelet function assay used with the prothrombin time may provide a simple and effective diagnostic approach to bleeding after CPB.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-54
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

Keywords

  • Cardiac surgery
  • Cardiopulmonary bypass
  • Coagulation
  • Laboratory analysis
  • Monitoring
  • Platelet function
  • Platelet retention
  • Transfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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  • Cite this

    Ereth, M. H., Nuttall, G. A., Ericson, D. G., Cooney IV, W. P., Fisher, B. R., Oliver, W. C., Schaff, H. V., & Fass, D. N. (2001). Platelet glass bead retention predicts bleeding after cardiac surgery. Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia, 15(1), 49-54. https://doi.org/10.1053/jcan.2001.20274