Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) is a progressive, debilitating genetic disease in which skeletal muscle and connective tissue is episodically replaced by heterotopic bone. Discovery of surrogate biomarkers of disease (genotype)-related and flare-up-associated activity of FOP in a readily accessible matrix, such as plasma, would facilitate an understanding of the complex pathophysiology of FOP, aid patient care, and provide a valuable tool for the development and monitoring of potential therapeutics. In a case–control study, using a carefully collected and curated set of plasma samples from 40 FOP patients with the classic ACVR1R206H mutation and 40 age- and sex-matched controls, we report the identification of disease-related and flare-up-associated biomarkers of FOP using a multiplex analysis of 113 plasma-soluble analytes. Adiponectin (implicated in hypoxia, inflammation, and heterotopic ossification) as well as tenascin-C (an endogenous activator of innate immune signaling through the TLR4 pathway and a substrate for kallikrein-7) were highly correlated with FOP genotype, while kallikrein-7 was highly correlated with acute flare-up status. Plasma-soluble biomarkers for FOP support a flare-up-related acute inflammatory phase of disease activity superimposed on a genotypic background of chronic inflammation.
- FIBRODYSPLASIA OSSIFICANS PROGRESSIVA
- HETEROTOPIC OSSIFICATION
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine