L. Lilge, T. J. Flotte, I. E. Kochevar, S. L. Jacques, F. Hillenkamp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Knowledge of the fluence distribution in biological tissue is essential for applications of lasers and light in medicine. A method using a photoactivable fluorophore as a chemical actinometer is presented to investigate the fluence (J/cm2) distribution in tissue‐simulating phantoms. Such a chemical actinometer provides high spatial resolution (≤20 μm) while minimizing the disturbance of the fluence distribution. The actinometer substance, nonfluorescent in its native state, is incorporated into an acrylamide gel. Upon absorption of 351 nm radiation (λact), the actinometer substance becomes a Ruorophorc, which is excited at λex≤ 485 nm. Thus the spatial distribution of the emitted fluorescence (λem≤ 515 nm) in the actinometer represents the fluence distribution of the activating radiation. Using histological techniques, 20 μm sections are cut from gel‐like optical phantoms containing the actinometric substance. The fluorescence intensity in the section is recorded under a standard fluorescence microscope equipped with a sensitive video camera. To simulate different biological tissues, the scattering and absorption properties of the gel phantoms arc varicd over a wide range. The experimentally obtained fluence distributions are compared with theoretical models of light distribution in turbid media.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-44
Number of pages8
JournalPhotochemistry and Photobiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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