Phenotypes of Obesity: How it Impacts Management

Meera Shah, Ryan T Hurt, Manpreet S. Mundi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose of Review: The worldwide prevalence of obesity is increasing. Obesity is strongly associated with many chronic health conditions that have been shown to improve with weight loss. However, counseling patients on weight loss can be challenging. Identifying specific aspects of weight management may personalize the conversation about weight loss and better address the individual patient’s health goals and perceived barriers to change. Recent Findings: Physical and behavioral phenotypes are being identified to better tailor treatment recommendations, given lack of efficacy of currently available interventions. Summary: The current review provides a summary of the evidence behind the management of several recognized clinical phenotypes, to include body fat distribution (e.g., central obesity), muscle mass (e.g., sarcopenic obesity of the elderly), and problematic eating behaviors (e.g., cravings). Identifying specific aspects of weight management may personalize the conversation about weight loss and better address the individual patient’s health goals and perceived barriers to change.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number55
JournalCurrent Gastroenterology Reports
Volume19
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017

Keywords

  • Appetite
  • Binge eating
  • Central obesity
  • Cravings
  • Obesity
  • Obesity phenotype
  • Sarcopenic obesity
  • Visceral obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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