Background-Percutaneous repair has emerged as a potential therapy for patients with prosthetic paravalvular regurgitation. However, there is a relative paucity of data on the feasibility and outcome of this procedure. Methods and Results-All patients in whom percutaneous paravalvular regurgitation closure was attempted at our hospital were identified and included. Under echocardiographic and fluoroscopic guidance, patients underwent implantation of ≥1 an Amplatzer Septal Occluder, Duct Occluder, Muscular Ventricular Septal Defect Occluder, or Vascular Plug II. Percutaneous repair of 141 paravalvular defects was attempted in 115 patients (age, 67±12 years; men, 53%) with heart failure, hemolytic anemia, or both and who were at high risk of open surgery (mean estimated Society of Thoracic Surgeons mortality, 6.9%). Devices were implanted in 125 defects (89% of total defects), including in 19 patients with multiple defects. Because of the complexity of the procedures, wire exteriorization was required in 29 patients. Overall, successful percutaneous closure (defined as ≤1+ residual regurgitation) was achieved in 88 (77%) patients. Procedural time decreased with increasing case experience for percutaneous repair of both perimitral and periaortic defects. Overall, the 30-day complication rate was 8.7% (sudden and unexplained death, 1.7%; stroke, 2.6%; emergency surgery, 0.9%; bleeding, 5.2%). Two devices embolized during the procedure and were retrieved without sequelae. No procedural deaths occurred, but 2 (1.7%) patients died by 30 days. Conclusions-Percutaneous repair of paravalvular prosthetic regurgitation can be performed with a reasonable rate of procedural success and may be an initial therapeutic option, particularly in patients at significant risk for open surgery. Increased case experience is associated with shorter procedural time.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Circulation: Cardiovascular Interventions|
|State||Published - Aug 2011|
- Amplatzer occluder device
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine