During the period from August 1986 to August 1987, 50 patients underwent percutaneous placement of a Greenfield vena caval filter from the right femoral vein, left femoral vein, or right internal jugular vein at our institution. All 50 patients had a contraindication to anticoagulation therapy or had complications of anticoagulation for deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary emboli. The percutaneous placement was accomplished in the angiographic suite with use of local anesthesia and was well tolerated by all patients. Only three complications related to the percutaneous approach occurred during the short-term follow-up (3 months to 1 year). These complications were deep venous thrombosis of the leg in two patients and misplacement of the filter in one patient. The three patients tolerated these complications well. We conclude that placement of Greenfield vena caval filters can be readily accomplished by means of percutaneous entry. Our experience demonstrated minimal associated morbidity and no mortality.
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