Percutaneous left ventricular assist device with TandemHeart for high-risk percutaneous coronary intervention: The Mayo Clinic experience

Oluseun O. Alli, Inder M. Singh, David R. Holmes, Juan N. Pulido, Soon J. Park, Charanjit S. Rihal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background In patients with poor left ventricular function and severe left main or multivessel coronary disease, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery has been the preferred therapy. However, a number of these patients are either inoperable or poor surgical candidates due to comorbid conditions and previous cardiac surgical procedures. These patients are generally poor candidates for standard percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) techniques. A hybrid PCI approach with hemodynamic support may be a viable strategy for these patients. We report our experience using the TandemHeart percutaneous left ventricular assist device during high-risk PCI. Methods Retrospective cross-sectional analysis of prospectively collected data in 54 patients undergoing high-risk PCI using the TandemHeart device for support. Hemodynamic and clinical data were collected and analyzed. Results Baseline clinical characteristics were as follows: mean age 72 ± 1.7 years, males 78%, median ejection fraction 20%, mean serum creatinine 1.6 ± 0.3 2 mg/dL, recent myocardial infarction 52%, COPD 33%, previous CABG 50%, diabetes mellitus 41%, and hypertension 83%. The median SYNTAX score was 33, and the median Jeopardy score was 10. The predicted surgical revascularization mortality was 13% by the Society for Thoracic Surgery risk score and 33% by Euroscore. There was a significant decrease in right and left heart pressures (P < 0.05) with a concomitant increase in the cardiac output from 4.7 to 5.7 L/min (P = 0.03) during TandemHeart support. Left main and multivessel PCI was performed in 62% of patients, and rotablation was used in 48%. Procedural success rate was 97%, whereas 30-day and 6 month survival were 90% and 87%, respectively. Major vascular complications occurred in 13% of cases. None of our patients developed contrast induced nephropathy or needed dialysis. Conclusions High-risk PCI with percutaneous left ventricular support using TandemHeart is a viable therapeutic strategy for a select subset of patients at very high risk with standard percutaneous revascularization techniques. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)728-734
Number of pages7
JournalCatheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Volume80
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2012

Keywords

  • cardiogenic shock
  • coronary artery bypass graft
  • left ventricular assist device
  • multivessel disease
  • percutaneous coronary interventions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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