Perceptions of Hematology Among Palliative Care Physicians: Results of a Nationwide Survey

Wil L. Santivasi, Daniel S. Childs, Kelly L. Wu, Daniel K. Partain, Mark R. Litzow, Thomas W. LeBlanc, Jacob J. Strand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Context: Palliative care integration for patients with hematologic diseases has lagged behind solid-organ malignancies. Previous work has characterized hematologist perspectives, but less is known about palliative care physician views of this phenomenon. Objectives: To examine palliative care physician attitudes and beliefs regarding hematologic diseases, patient care, and collaboration. Methods: A 44-item survey containing Likert and free-response items was mailed to 1000 AAHPM physician members. Sections explored respondent comfort with specific diagnoses, palliative care integration, relationships with hematologists, and hematology-specific patient care. Logistic regression models with generalized estimating equations were used to compare parallel Likert responses. Free responses were analyzed using thematic analysis. Results: The response rate was 55.5%. Respondents reported comfort managing symptoms in leukemia (84.0%), lymphoma (92.1%), multiple myeloma (92.9%), and following hematopoietic stem cell transplant (51.6%). Fewer expressed comfort with understanding disease trajectory (64.9%, 75.7%, 78.5%, and 35.4%) and discussing prognosis (71.0%, 82.6%, 81.6%, and 40.6%). 97.6% of respondents disagreed that palliative care and hematology are incompatible. 50.6% felt that palliative care physicians’ limited hematology-specific knowledge hinders collaboration. 89.4% felt that relapse should trigger referral. 80.0% felt that hospice referrals occurred late. In exploring perceptions of hematology-palliative care relationships, three themes were identified: misperceptions of palliative care, desire for integration, and lacking a shared model of understanding. Conclusion: These data inform efforts to integrate palliative care into hematologic care at large, echoing previous studies of hematologist perspectives. Palliative care physicians express enthusiasm for caring for these patients, desire for improved understanding of palliative care, and ongoing opportunities to improve hematology-specific knowledge and skills.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of pain and symptom management
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • bone marrow transplantation
  • hematologic diseases
  • leukemia
  • lymphoma
  • multiple myeloma
  • Palliative care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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