Objectives: The objective of this study was to describe the outcomes of patients in the University of Iowa Neuroendocrine Tumor (NET) Database treated with peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT). Methods: One hundred thirty-five patients from the University of Iowa NET Database who received PRRT were analyzed, their characteristics were described, and survival was calculated. Results: The median age at diagnosis was 51 years, and 64% were men. The primary tumor was located in the small bowel (SBNET) in 37.8%, in the pancreas (PNET) in 26.0%, in the lung in 13.3%, in unknown primary in 9.6%, and in other sites in 13.3%. A radiographic response of any magnitude was observed in 65.8%, 11.1% had a mixed response, and 15.4% showed progression. The overall survival (OS) from the first PRRT was 40 months, and themedian time to progressionwas 23.9months.Higher pretreatment chromogranin A and pancreastatin levels predicted inferior OS. Conclusions: Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy resulted in a relatively long OS and time to progression in heavily pretreated North American patients with advanced NETs. Elevated pretreatment chromogranin A and pancreastatin predicted shorter OS after therapy. Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy is a valuable treatment option in patients with advanced NETs, especially SBNETS.
- Chromogranin A
- Neuroendocrine tumors
- Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism