Particle energization in 3D magnetic reconnection of relativistic pair plasmas

Wei Liu, Hui Li, Lin Yin, B. J. Albright, K. J. Bowers, Edison P. Liang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present large scale 3D particle-in-cell simulations to examine particle energization in magnetic reconnection of relativistic electron-positron (pair) plasmas. The initial configuration is set up as a relativistic Harris equilibrium without a guide field. These simulations are large enough to accommodate a sufficient number of tearing and kink modes. Contrary to the non-relativistic limit, the linear tearing instability is faster than the linear kink instability, at least in our specific parameters. We find that the magnetic energy dissipation is first facilitated by the tearing instability and followed by the secondary kink instability. Particles are mostly energized inside the magnetic islands during the tearing stage due to the spatially varying electric fields produced by the outflows from reconnection. Secondary kink instability leads to additional particle acceleration. Accelerated particles are, however, observed to be thermalized quickly. The large amplitude of the vertical magnetic field resulting from the tearing modes by the secondary kink modes further help thermalizing the non-thermal particles generated from the secondary kink instability. Implications of these results for astrophysics are briefly discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number052105
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Volume18
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2011
Externally publishedYes

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tearing
magnetic islands
electron-positron pairs
particle acceleration
astrophysics
simulation
energy dissipation
electric fields
configurations
cells
magnetic fields

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Liu, W., Li, H., Yin, L., Albright, B. J., Bowers, K. J., & Liang, E. P. (2011). Particle energization in 3D magnetic reconnection of relativistic pair plasmas. Physics of Plasmas, 18(5), [052105]. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3589304

Particle energization in 3D magnetic reconnection of relativistic pair plasmas. / Liu, Wei; Li, Hui; Yin, Lin; Albright, B. J.; Bowers, K. J.; Liang, Edison P.

In: Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 18, No. 5, 052105, 05.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Liu, W, Li, H, Yin, L, Albright, BJ, Bowers, KJ & Liang, EP 2011, 'Particle energization in 3D magnetic reconnection of relativistic pair plasmas', Physics of Plasmas, vol. 18, no. 5, 052105. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3589304
Liu, Wei ; Li, Hui ; Yin, Lin ; Albright, B. J. ; Bowers, K. J. ; Liang, Edison P. / Particle energization in 3D magnetic reconnection of relativistic pair plasmas. In: Physics of Plasmas. 2011 ; Vol. 18, No. 5.
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