Parenting strategies and socio-cultural influences in childhood anxiety: Mexican, Latin American descent, and European American families

R. Enrique Varela, Juan Jose Sanchez-Sosa, Bridget K. Biggs, Timothy M. Luis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined the relationship between anxiety in Latin American children and Latino cultural schemas, parenting strategies, being an ethnic minority, and assimilation. Latin American (n = 72; LA) and white European-American (n = 46; EA) children living in the U.S., Mexican children living in Mexico (n = 99; M), and at least one parent per family (n = 283) were administered measures assessing anxiety, parenting strategies, collectivism, family cohesion, simpatia, parent-child communication, and assimilation. M and LA children expressed more anxiety symptoms than EA children. More mother control and less father acceptance were associated with childhood anxiety across all three groups. However, father control was associated with more anxiety for the EA group but not the MA group, and mother acceptance was associated with more anxiety for the EA and MA groups but with less anxiety for the M group. Family cohesion was negatively associated with children's anxiety independent of ethnic group. Finally, differing from parents in assimilation did not influence LA children's anxiety.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)609-616
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of anxiety disorders
Volume23
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2009

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Children
  • Cross-cultural
  • Culture
  • Hispanic
  • Latin American
  • Latino
  • Mental health
  • Mexican American
  • Parenting
  • Youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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