DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) enzymes catalyze the addition of a methyl group to cytosine residues in DNA. Appropriate cytosine methylation of CpG dinucleotides is required for normal mammalian development and homeostasis, and quantitative methods are necessary to assess DNMT activity in various cell extracts. The method described in this report utilizes incorporation of S-[methyl-3H]-adenosyl-l-methionine into hemi-methylated or unmethylated oligonucleotides to distinguish between maintenance and de novo DNMT activity, respectively. However, unlike previously described methods, this protocol uses native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis to detect the incorporation of radioactivity into substrate oligonucleotides. This approach distinguishes between incorporation of radioactivity into target substrate oligonucleotides and incorporation into non-specific cellular DNA that often contaminates nuclear extracts, and permits the reproducible quantitation and comparison of de novo and maintenance DNMT activities in various cell lines. Electrophoretic separation of the methylated substrates is a cost-effective, specific, and reproducible approach to quantitate DNMT activities in nuclear extracts.
- Cytosine methylation assay
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