p53 immunopositivity in histologically favorable Wilms tumor is not related to stage at presentation or to biological aggression

M. F. D'Angelo, S. J. Kausik, T. J. Sebo, S. R. Rathbun, S. A. Kramer, D. A. Husmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Previous studies have suggested that increased p53 expression is associated with advanced stage and biologically aggressive (chemotherapy resistant) Wilms tumors. We decided to test the hypothesis that increased immunopositivity of p53 is associated with biological aggressiveness in patients with histologically favorable Wilms tumors. Materials and Methods: We reviewed the charts of all patients with unilateral Wilms tumor treated at our institution between 1976 and 2001. Histological characteristics, tumor stage, clinical course and p53 expression as determined by immunohistochemical analysis were determined. All immunohistological evaluations were performed on tissue obtained before administration of chemotherapy. Results: A total of 63 cases of unilateral histologically favorable Wilms tumor were assessed. Five cases (8%) were p53 positive. No significant relationship to p53 expression or stage at presentation was noted in 1 of 21 (5%) stage 1, 3 of 21 (14%) stage 2, 1 of 11 (9%) stage 3 and 0 of 10 stage 4 tumors positive for up-regulation of p53. Of the 5 patients with up-regulated p53 expression 1 (20%) had documented disease progression or relapse while on standard National Wilms Tumor Study chemotherapy. Of the 58 patients who were p53 negative 10 (17%) had disease progression or relapse while on standard National Wilms Tumor Study chemotherapy (p >0.3). Conclusion: In contrast to previously published studies, we found no correlation of p53 expression to either tumor stage at presentation (p >0.3) or prognosis (p >0.3) in individuals with histologically favorable Wilms tumor assessed for immunopositivity before administration of chemotherapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1815-1817
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume169
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2003

Keywords

  • Kidney neoplasms
  • Nephroblastoma
  • Protein p53

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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