Signet-ring stromal tumor (SRST) is a rare ovarian stromal neoplasm characterized by a population of bland signet-ring cells, devoid of mucin or lipid, in a generally cellular fibromatous stroma. Previous reports have described heterogenous immunohistochemical and molecular genetic findings, including occasional nuclear β-catenin expression and/or CTNNB1 mutations. We report 10 ovarian stromal neoplasms originally diagnosed as SRST. All but 1 tumor underwent detailed immunohistochemical analysis (including β-catenin) and 5 of 10 had CTNNB1 mutation analysis performed. All tumors contained a population of morphologically bland signet-ring cells that ranged from 15% to 95% of the neoplasm, characterized by a single large empty intracytoplasmic vacuole, mostly with nuclear indentation. Six of the 10 tumors contained cellular fibroma-like areas, comprising from 10% to 85% of the neoplasm. Three of the 10 tumors were reclassified as microcystic stromal tumor with signet-ring cells on the basis of the microcyst formation and hyalinized stroma, beta-catenin and cyclin D1 nuclear expression and/or CTNNB1 mutation, CD10 staining and largely absent expression of inhibin and calretinin. In the remaining 7 tumors, the diagnosis of SRST remained, constituting the largest series of SRST reported in the literature to date. The results of our study suggest that a subset of tumors diagnosed as ovarian SRST, especially those which show β-catenin nuclear positivity and/or CTNNB1 mutation, likely represent microcystic stromal tumor with variant morphology. We also suggest that at least a subset of SRSTs without evidence of Wnt/β-catenin pathway abnormalities may be related to ovarian fibromas. We discuss the differential diagnosis of ovarian neoplasms containing signet-ring cells.
- microcystic stromal tumor
- signet-ring stromal tumor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine