Objectives: To evaluate the feasibility of performing a robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) as an outpatient procedure while maintaining patient satisfaction and safety. Herein we report our experience, selection criteria, and discharge criteria for outpatient RARP. Methods: We performed a prospective study with 11 patients undergoing extraperitoneal RARP. These patients were counseled before the procedure that they would go home the same evening of the procedure. The patients were then surveyed by a third party shortly after they returned home, using the Patient Judgement System-24, a previously validated instrument for patient satisfaction. Sociodemographic data, comorbidities, and outcomes were collected for analysis. Results: All patients were successfully discharged the same day of surgery. Mean patient age was 62.2 years with a mean body mass index of 26 kg/m2. Mean operative time was 117.6 minutes, console time was 76.7 minutes, and estimated blood loss was 168.2 mL. Mean indwelling catheter time was 7.5 days. No complications occurred in this series of patients. Satisfaction was unanimously high in all patients surveyed, with most scores over 90% on the Patient Judgement System-24. No patient reported any ill effects from the shortened stay or felt rushed to leave the hospital. Conclusions: The early experience with extraperitoneal RARP as a same day surgery is promising. Preoperative patient counseling and selection is paramount. Patient satisfaction is not adversely affected by the shortened stay. Surgeon experience, assessment of intraoperative findings, and adequate postoperative assessment are essential.
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