Background: The lack of large hepatopulmonary syndrome cohorts undergoing liver transplantation (LT) has resulted in limited information about post-LT outcomes and expectations. Methods: The long and short-term outcomes of LT in patients with hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) were evaluated before and after the implementation of Model for Endstage Liver Disease (MELD) score in 2002, granting exception points for patients with HPS. PubMed/Medline, Embase, Web of Science and Scopus databases were searched for published and unpublished studies from 01/1990 to 04/2019. Studies that included HPS patients who underwent LT and reported post-LT outcomes and HPS severity were reviewed. After reviewing the full text of 1421 articles, 30 were included in the pre-MELD era (before 2002) and 60 in the post-MELD era. Results: A total of 598 patients (210 children and 388 adults) with HPS who underwent LT were included in this systematic review. In children, 5-year survival probability was similar in the pre and post-MELD groups (85.7% vs. 97.4; p = 0.09). Median post-transplant PaO2 in room air was higher in the post-MELD group (71 [53-87] vs. 97 [80-108] mmHg: p = 0.008). In adults, 5-year survival probability was higher in the post-MELD era (73 vs. 87.3%; p = 0.008). Median post-transplant PaO2 in room air was higher in post-MELD group (75 [63-85] vs. 87 [75-95] mmHg; p = 0.001). Conclusions: After MELD exception implementation, survival rates and post-transplant oxygenation improved in adult patients with HPS who underwent liver transplantation, whereas only post-transplant oxygenation improved in children.
- Hepatopulmonary syndrome
- Liver transplantation
- Systematic review
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine