Outcomes of endovascular mechanical thrombectomy and intravenous tissue plasminogen activator for the treatment of vertebrobasilar stroke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and PurposezzAggressive treatment of posterior-circulation occlusions is important due to the high rates of morbidity and mortality associated with these infarctions. A large administrative database was evaluated to determine the outcomes of mechanical thrombectomy and intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (IV-tPA) for the treatment of posteriorcirculation (vertebrobasilar) strokes. Outcomes were compared across age groups. MethodszzThe United States Nationwide Inpatient Sample was used to evaluate the outcomes of patients treated for posterior-circulation acute ischemic stroke between 2006 and 2010. Patients who underwent endovascular mechanical thrombectomy and IV-tPA were selected. Primary outcomes were discharge status and mortality; secondary outcomes were length of stay, rate of intracranial hemorrhage, tracheostomy, and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy/jejunostomy tube placement. Outcomes were grouped according to age (i.e., <50, 50-64, and ≥65 years). Chi-squared test and Student's t-test were used for comparisons of categorical and continuous variables, respectively. ResultszzDuring 2006-2010 there were 36,675 patients who had discharge International Classification of Diseases (9th edition) codes indicating posterior-circulation strokes. Of these, 631 (1.7%) underwent mechanical thrombectomy and 1554 (4.2%) underwent IV-tPA. The in-hospital mortality rate for mechanical thrombectomy patients was significantly lower for those aged <50 years than for those aged 50-64 years (30.4% versus 47.4%, p<0.01) and those aged ≥65 years (30.4% versus 43.0%, p≤0.01). Age had no effect on the in-hospital mortality for IVtPA patients, with an incidence of 22.7% for patients aged <50 years, compared to 25.4% for patients aged 50-64 years (p=0.46) and 23.0% for patients aged ≥65 years (p=0.92). ConclusionszzPatients requiring IV-tPA and/or mechanical thrombectomy for the treatment of posterior-circulation strokes suffer from high mortality rates. Increased age is associated with significantly higher mortality rates among posterior-circulation stroke patients who require mechanical thrombectomy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-23
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Neurology (Korea)
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Brain infarction
  • Endovascular techniques
  • Posterior circulation
  • Stroke
  • Tissue-type plasminogen activator

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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