Outcomes of Adolescent-Onset Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome

Roma Bhatia, Sarah J. Kizilbash, Shelley P. Ahrens, Jill M. Killian, Stephanie A. Kimmes, Erin E. Knoebel, Prasuna Muppa, Amy L. Weaver, Philip R. Fischer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To determine the clinical course of adolescent-onset postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) and to assess health-related quality of life, 2-10 years after diagnosis. Study design: Pediatric patients, 13-18 years of age, diagnosed with POTS at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, from 2003 to 2010 were mailed a questionnaire if they were at least 18 years of age at the time of the mailing. The primary outcome measures were norm-based, age- and sex-adjusted, 36-Item Short Form Health Survey physical composite score and mental composite score. Results: The survey was mailed to 502 patients with a response rate of 34% (n = 172). The mean duration from diagnosis to survey completion was 5.4 (SD, 1.9) years; the mean age of the respondents at the time of the survey was 21.8 (2.2) years. The responders were predominantly females (84% vs 68% of nonresponders; P <.001). Only 33 (19%) respondents reported complete resolution of symptoms, and an additional 51% reported persistent but improved symptoms, and 28 (16%) had only intermittent symptoms. The majority (71%) consider their health at least "good." The mean physical composite score was significantly lower than the population norm (mean [SD], 36.6 [15.8] vs 50; P <.001), however, the corresponding mean mental composite score was normal (50.1 [11.2]). Conclusions: Overall, 86% of adolescents with POTS report resolved, improved, or just intermittent symptoms, when assessed via questionnaire at an average of 5 years after initial treatment. Patients with persistent symptoms have more physical than mental health concerns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Pediatrics
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Sep 21 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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    Bhatia, R., Kizilbash, S. J., Ahrens, S. P., Killian, J. M., Kimmes, S. A., Knoebel, E. E., Muppa, P., Weaver, A. L., & Fischer, P. R. (Accepted/In press). Outcomes of Adolescent-Onset Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome. Journal of Pediatrics. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2016.02.035