Osteoporosis is now more apparent with the aging of the population and has become a serious health problem. The end-point of osteoporosis is fracture, which has economic, social, and psychological consequences for society. Some guidelines provide recommendations for whom to screen and treat. Various risk factors are associated with osteoporosis, with many being modifiable to prevent fractures. Both nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic therapies are available to reduce fracture risk. Pharmacologic intervention is predicated on an understanding of bone turnover with predictable outcomes noted. This review provides an update on prevention, screening, and treatment modalities for osteoporosis.
- Bone density
- Bone remodeling
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Advanced and Specialized Nursing