Sex and gender differences exist in OA. Our understanding of these differences is at a preliminary stage. Further research, specifically to address sex and gender differences, is needed. With the current knowledge, an effort should be made to decrease the burden of disease that is related to OA. These efforts should focus on improved education of patients, particularly women, to decrease the risk for OA and progression of degenerative changes, as well as optimal outcomes following joint replacement surgery.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine