Optimized immunohistochemical detection of estrogen receptor beta using two validated monoclonal antibodies confirms its expression in normal and malignant breast tissues

John R. Hawse, Jodi M. Carter, Kirsten G.M. Aspros, Elizabeth S. Bruinsma, Justin W. Koepplin, Vivian Negron, Malayannan Subramaniam, James N. Ingle, Karen L. Rech, Matthew P. Goetz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Significant controversy exists regarding the expression patterns of estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) in normal and diseased breast tissue. To address this issue, we have validated two ERβ antibodies, optimized the IHC protocols for both antibodies and now report the expression patterns of ERβ in normal and malignant breast tissues. Methods: ERβ antibody specificity was determined using western blot and IHC analysis. ERβ protein expression patterns were assessed via IHC in normal breast tissue and invasive breast carcinoma. Further, we report the detailed protocol of the ERβ IHC assay developed in our CAP/CLIA certified laboratory to provide a standardized method for future studies. Results: We have confirmed the specificity of two independent ERβ monoclonal antibodies, one that detects total (i.e., full length plus splice variants 2–5, which do not include the ligand binding domain) ERβ protein (PPZ0506) and one that detects only the full-length form, which includes the ligand binding domain, of ERβ (PPG5/10). Using these two antibodies, we demonstrate that ERβ is highly expressed in normal human breast tissue as well as in 20–30% of invasive breast cancers. Further, these two antibodies exhibited similar staining patterns across multiple different tissues and were highly concordant with regard to determining ERβ positivity in breast cancers. Conclusions: ERβ protein was shown to be abundant in the majority of normal breast epithelial cells and is present in 20–30% of breast cancers. Use of these two antibodies, along with their standardized IHC protocols, provide a reference for future studies aimed at determining the utility of ERβ as a prognostic and/or predictive biomarker in various tissues of benign or malignant states.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)241-249
Number of pages9
JournalBreast Cancer Research and Treatment
Volume179
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • Antibody
  • Breast
  • Breast cancer
  • Estrogen receptor beta

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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